What is HCG?
HCG is the acronym for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, which is a hormone that is present in the female body during early pregnancy at elevated levels. The placenta of the pregnant woman makes the HCG hormone. Presence of HCG in the blood stream is an indication of pregnancy and is used as a marker in both laboratory and home pregnancy tests.
What are the functions of HCG?
- HCG is known for treating issues of fertility in both men and women. In females, HCG initiates ovulations when present at high levels, that is, more than 10,000 IU. Hence, HCG is used to treat women with ovulatory disorders. In males, HCG triggers sperm production by increasing the production of testosterone, when present at high levels. Hence, HCG is used to treat men who have a low sperm count.
- HCG also acts as a catalyst, which helps in stimulating the production of other useful hormones in the body, which in turn can affect the metabolism, digestion, muscle tissue, and liver functions of the body.
- HCG also stimulates certain precursor hormones, namely the Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) in the body.
How does HCG work in the body?
HCG is a protein hormone that is produced during the initial days of pregnancy, hence its presence confirms that a woman has conceived.
- During the first few days of pregnancy, that is the first trimester to be precise, HCG is present in large quantities and is required for the maintenance of a layer called the corpus luteum, which is used to produce other pregnancy-related hormones such as progesterone and estrogens, which are vital for the embryo and foetal development.
- The levels of HCG begin to decrease after the first three months of pregnancy, that is, during the second trimester. The presence of HCG hormone in the body allows fat absorption, thus aiding metabolism, which is essential to produce energy that is required by both the mother and the developing fetus.
When HCG is used as a means to reduce weight, care should be taken as to the amounts of HCG used, as only a very small amount is required.
Nowadays, you can find HCG products available at retail shops and even on online platforms in the form of oral drops, sprays, and pellets. I got my HCG drops here.