One of the most prominent medical issues that are being reported in today’s lifestyle is related to our digestive system and the practice of medicine that deals with treating these specific digestive concerns are known as gastroenterology. The human body organs that are involved in this science are the stomach, esophagus, small intestine, pancreas, colon and rectum, bile ducts, salivary glands, gallbladder, and liver. Any infection or disease that causes irritation or malfunctioning of these organs fit in this category of science and the specialists who handle these medical cases are called gastroenterologists.
Understanding the science of gastroenterology:
This field comprises of a thorough understanding of the physiology of human gastrointestinal organs. It involves the passing of substances via the stomach and intestine, followed by the digestion and absorption of nutritional elements in the body, and excretion of waste from our system. Some of the diseases and medical conditions that fall into this ailment category include colon polyps and cancer, gastro-oesophageal reflux, hepatitis, colitis, peptic ulcer disease, gallbladder diseases, transplantation, gastrointestinal cancer, pancreatitis, and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). As a whole, any normal or abnormal activity taking place in our digestive organs are a part of the study of gastroenterology.
How it contributes in recovering patients from digestive issues:
Once detected with a gastroenterological disease or problem, the doctor carries out a few non-surgical tests to further understand the problem and offer apt treatment for it. These tests include-
- Endoscopic ultrasound- This helps in examining the upper and lower GI tract and other internal organs.
- Colonoscopies- To identify and treat colon cancer or colon polyps.
- Liver biopsies- helps to measure inflammation and fibrosis.
- Capsule endoscopies- This helps in examining the small intestine.
Some other tests and procedures carried out to detect correct issues, in this case, are abdominal ultrasound and X-ray, appendectomy, barium swallow, cecostomy, colonoscopy, and gallbladder scan to name a few.
How United States is helping fight GI problems:
Special medical conditions related to gastroenterology can be seen in every part of the world and the United States is no exception to this. Keeping the growing rate of these cases in mind, they have established several educational programs to strengthen the knowledge and confidence of gastroenterologists. New York to California and Nevada to Florida; experienced teams of doctors are training fresher as well as inexperienced doctors in a way that they are able to handle severe gastroenterology cases with ease and precision.