What Does A Drug Urine Test Involve?

As a sportsperson, it must be almost mandatory to pass the urine drug test. The objective of Urine drug testing (UDT) is to detect the presence of steroids, opioids, and illicit drugs in the urine. To maintain the right spirit of competitions, before the start of the session, competitors may be asked to undergo UDT to confirm that they are using any performance-boosting drugs. There are also many instances that the test is done on the ground to clear allegations after the competitions. We will get plenty of examples where the winners were stripped of their medals when their tests showed positive.

No wonder these tests give nightmares to many sportspersons in spite of being painless.

A set of two tests

Based on the result desired, UDT can be done in two types:

  1. Screening test: An immunoassay which identifies the presence of the parent drug and its main metabolites in the urine. It is cheaper, less specific and can give false positives at times.
  2. Confirmatory test: When a specific drug has to detect, UDT is done by analytical techniques such as Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) or High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

UDT detects the following drugs:

  • Opioids or narcotics
  • Marijuana
  • cocaine
  • Barbiturates
  • Amphetamines and methamphetamines
  • PCP
  • Methadone
  • Ketamine
  • Euphorics etc.

 

The negative side

 

Yes, it is done with a good intention, but sometimes you may also get trapped due to the test. In addition to the illicit ones, UDT also detects the presence of certain prescription drugs such as steroids and painkillers. The potential victims have found a solution for this: synthetic urine. One of my friends is an aspiring athlete and she often speaks about finding more on synthetic urine on a popular drug rehabilliance website. This site reviews the best synthetic urine and may give her respite from the fear of revealing the fake.

 

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